ChatGPT could make these jobs obsolete

Artificial intelligence is here, and it’s coming for your job.

The tool’s capabilities are so promising that Microsoft — amid layoffs of 10,000 employees — has announced a “multi-year, multi-billion dollar investment” in the revolutionary technology that’s getting smarter by the day.

And the rise of machines is leaving many well-paid workers vulnerable, experts warn.

“AI replaces the employees. I don’t think anyone can prevent that,” said Pengcheng Shi, associate dean in the Department of Computer and Information Sciences at the Rochester Institute of Technology.

“This isn’t a crying wolf,” Shi told the Post. “The wolf is at the door.”

From the financial sector to healthcare to publishing, a number of industries are currently vulnerable, Shi said. But as AI continues its mind-blowing advances, he claims humans will learn how to use the technology.


AI is already impacting multiple industries, professors warn.
AI is already impacting multiple industries, professors warn.
dpa/Picture Alliance via Getty I

AI is already turning certain fields upside down, especially after the release of ChatGPT, a surprisingly intelligent chat bot that was released in November and is available to the public for free.

Earlier this month, it emerged that consumer publication CNET has been using AI to generate stories since late last year — a practice that has been paused following backlash on social media. Academia was recently rocked by the news that ChatGPT had performed better than many people on an MBA exam at Penn’s elite Wharton School. After Darren Hick, a philosophy professor at Furman University in South Carolina, caught a student cheating with the hugely popular tool, he told the Post that the discovery left him with “abnormal fear” of what the future might hold , left behind.

Hick and many others are rightly concerned, said Chinmay Hegde, associate professor of computer and electrical engineering at New York University.

“Certain professions in industries like journalism, higher education, graphic and software design – these are at risk of being supplemented by AI,” says Hegde, who describes ChatGPT as “very, very good, but not perfect” in its current state.

At least for now.

Here’s a look at some of the jobs most vulnerable to fast-learning, ever-evolving technology.

education


According to experts, professors and teachers could theoretically be replaced by AI courses.
According to experts, professors and teachers could be replaced by AI courses.
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As it stands now, ChatGPT — currently banned in New York schools — “already can teach with ease,” Shi said. The tool would likely be most effective in junior high or high school, he added, as these classes reinforce skills already acquired in elementary school.

“Although it has errors and inaccuracies in terms of knowledge, this can be easily improved. Basically, all you have to do is train the ChatGPT,” Shi continued.

As for higher education, both Shi and Hegde claim that college courses will need a human leader for the foreseeable future, but the NYU professor admitted that AI could theoretically teach unsupervised.

Meanwhile, the roles of educators see changed almost overnight. It has already become a struggle to adjust teaching and testing methods to keep up with the increasingly talented ChatGPT, which Shi says can successfully complete the coursework of an outstanding master’s-level student.

PhD Candidates hoping for a shortcut are probably out of luck — writing an independent thesis in a field that’s not often or thoroughly studied is currently beyond the capabilities of AI, he said.

finance


AI like ChatGPT could take over spreadsheet-style jobs in finance, experts warn.
Experts warn that AI like ChatGPT could take over spreadsheet-style jobs in finance.
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Many jobs on Wall Street could be eliminated in the coming years as bots like ChatGPT continue to improve, Shi told The Post.

“I definitely think so [it will impact] the trading side, but flat [at] an investment bank, folks [are] get hired by college and spend two or three years working like robots and building Excel models – you can win AI for that,” he explained. “Much, much faster.”

However, Shi is certain that important financial and economic decisions will likely always remain in human hands, even if the data sheets are not.

software development


Relatively easy software design jobs are at risk from ChatGPT and other AI.
Relatively easy software design jobs are at risk.
Getty Images/Mascot

Website designers and engineers responsible for relatively simple coding are at risk of becoming obsolete, Hegde warns.

“I worry about people like that. Now I can just ask ChatGPT to build a website for me – no longer need any kind of person whose routine job would do this for me.”

Essentially, AI can design the code — hand-tailored to a user’s request and parameters — to build websites and other IT elements.

The days of relatively straightforward software design jobs will be gone by 2026 or sooner, Shi said.

“Over time, probably now or in the next three, five, 10 years, these software engineers, if their job is to know how to code, … I don’t think they will be used universally,” Shi said .

journalism


AI is already finding its way into the editorial offices.
AI is already finding its way into the editorial offices.
Getty Images

The technology got off to a rocky start in the news business – CNET’s recent attempts (and subsequent corrections to its computer-generated stories) were preceded by the Guardian, which let the GPT software write an article in 2020 – with mixed results.

Quiet, According to Hegde, the technology is already highly qualified for a job.

“Editing texts is certainly something it does an extremely good job at. Summarizing, refining an article and stuff like that certainly does a really good job,” he said, noting that ChatGPT is great at drafting its own headlines.

A major shortcoming — a saving grace for reporters and editors, at least for now — is the tool’s inability to efficiently check facts, he added.

“You can ask them to deliver an essay, produce a story with quotes, but mostly the quotes are just made up,” Hegde continued. “This is a known bug with ChatGPT and to be honest we don’t know how to fix it.”

graphic design


Graphic design jobs can also be rendered obsolete by AI.
Graphic design jobs could also become obsolete thanks to AI.
Getty Images/iStockphoto

In 2021, ChatGPT developer OpenAI launched another tool, DALL-E, which can generate customized images from user-generated prompts on command. Along with look-alikes like Craiyon, Stable Diffusion, and Midjourney, the tool poses a threat to many in the graphic and creative design industries, according to Hegde.

“You used to ask a photographer or a graphic designer to take a picture [for websites]. This is something very, very plausibly automated using technology similar to ChatGPT,” he continued.

Shi recently ordered DALL-E to make a cubist portrait of rabbits for the Lunar New Year, which he said came out “simply amazing.” But while it captured the austere, Picasso-derived painting style, Shi noted that it was unsuccessful with more nuanced techniques – revealing a current flaw in the technology.

“I also asked it to play Matisse-style. It wasn’t that good,” he added.

Copyright issues are also generated by image-based AI. Getty Images recently announced legal action against Stability AI – the parent company of Stable Diffusion – alleging that the program had “unlawfully copied and processed millions of copyrighted images”.

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