NVIDIA CEO sparks AI conversations in Stockholm

More than 600 entrepreneurs, developers, researchers and executives from across Scandinavia flocked to Stockholm’s elegant Sergel Hub conference center on Tuesday, another sign of the strength of the region’s AI ecosystem.

The highlight: a wide-ranging conversation between NVIDIA founder and CEO Jensen Huang and Swedish industrialist Marcus Wallenberg, exploring the intersections of AI, green computing and the broader Scandinavian tech scene.

“This generative AI phenomenon is spawning a whole new set of new startups, new ideas, new video editing, photo editing, and new writing,” Huang said. “It can achieve capabilities that previous computing platforms cannot.”

The Berzelius supercomputer, named after Jöns Jacob Berzelius, one of the fathers of modern chemistry, has just been upgraded to 94 NVIDIA DGX A100 AI computing systems, delivering nearly half an exaflop of AI performance, making it one of the 100 fastest AI supercomputers make the world.

“Years ago Marcus and I started talking about a new kind of computer science. Having a key instrument like Berzelius would be a fundamental instrument of future science,” Huang told the audience. “The work being done on this instrument would have tremendous implications for the life sciences, materials science, physics and computer science.”

Maximum efficiency, minimum impact

Increasing power consumption is one of the causes of global warming, and high-performance, energy-efficient computers are crucial to combating climate change through green computing.

Huang explained that for both data centers and the latest smartphone, computer chips, systems and software must be designed and used to maximize energy efficiency and minimize environmental impact.

“Businesses big and small need to sign up for the carbon footprint we use to build our work,” Huang said. “If there’s an opportunity for us to accelerate the workload, reduce energy consumption, and improve energy efficiency, we will do it.”

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Sweden’s role in the AI

The upgrade comes as AI is driving change in every industry around the world, and leading companies from across Scandinavia are accelerating the growth of some of the world’s most powerful AI solutions, Wallenberg explained.

“From the foundations’ perspective, we’re trying to work for the betterment of Sweden by promoting research, technology and medicine,” said Wallenberg, whose family has been heavily involved in the country’s economy for generations. “We work together as a team to create opportunities and foundations for further work.”

The Berzelius system was used to train the first major Swedish language model. Large language models, which have increased tenfold every year in recent years, are just one of the cutting-edge AI technologies promising transformation through learned knowledge.

Neural networks trained on massive datasets on high-performance systems are accelerating discoveries in industries like healthcare and climate science with software frameworks like NVIDIA BioNeMo. Models like ChatGPT are making their mark as a new way of using AI.

“You can connect models to get new information, so models like ChatGPT can report on today’s news, who won that game, or the latest weather,” Huang said. “The combination of these skills means not only the ability to answer questions and write stories, but it can also write programs and solve problems.”

knowledge from data

Solving problems requires reliable, physically accurate data. The industrial metaverse, in which digital twins of real factories, rail networks or retail stores can be created, is already being used by large companies such as Amazon, BMW, Ericsson and Siemens.

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Following Huang and Wallenberg’s conversation, Staffan Truvé, CTO and co-founder of cybersecurity company Recorded Future, spoke about how data can be used to model intelligence as a digital twin to provide an end-to-end view of threats and targets .

“Today there are three major converging threat areas. Physical, cyber and influence, that’s the threat to our brains,” Truvé explained. “By creating an intelligence graph, we create a complete picture of a threat.”

Digital twins are not the only way to gain valuable insights when developing for the future. Sara Mazur, associate executive director of the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and chair of the Wallenberg AI Autonomous Systems and Software Program, emphasized the importance of collaboration between academia and industry.

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